Synthesis of Simple Coumarins: Mixed Solvent Recrystallization Approach and Modification

Nagaretnam Prahadeesh, Maheswaran Sithambaresan
2019 Zenodo  
Coumarin compounds have great interest for their wide range of medicinal and pharmacological properties as well as for their fluorescent properties. Simple coumarins are being the major precursor for the synthesis of most of the coumarin derivatives. Simple coumarin (C1) was synthesized by using Perkin condensation reaction whereas 7-hydroxy coumarin (C2) and 7-hydroxy-4-methyl coumarin (C3) were synthesized by using Pechmann condensation reaction. Solvent combination which gives higher
more » ... percentage on recrystallization was found out. The synthesized simple coumarins were characterized by using spectroscopic analysis (UV, IR, 1H and 13C NMR). The solvent combination which gave higher recovery percentage for C1 and C3 were 40 % aqueous methanol and 34 % aqueous ethanol respectively. Two mixed solvents of 33 % aqueous ethanol and 25 % aqueous acetic acid were used to obtain pure crystal of 7-hydroxy coumarin (C2) for the higher recovery percentage.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2548799 fatcat:6l7n6bylrbegvflyc2l7n2qruu