ac electric trapping of neutral atoms

Sophie Schlunk, Adela Marian, Wieland Schöllkopf, Gerard Meijer
2008 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
We study the dynamic behavior of ultracold neutral atoms in a macroscopic ac electric trap. Confinement in such a trap is achieved by switching between two saddle-point configurations of the electric field. The gradual formation of a stably trapped cloud is observed and the trap performance is studied versus the switching frequency and the symmetry of the switching cycle. Additionally, the electric field in the trap is mapped out by imaging the atom cloud while the fields are still on. Finally,
more » ... the phase-space acceptance of the trap is probed by introducing a modified switching cycle. The experimental results are reproduced using full three-dimensional trajectory calculations.
doi:10.1103/physreva.77.043408 fatcat:kxwhqocudrdijbimnytg2e7mra