Effects of germanium addition to copper phthalocyanine/fullerene-based solar cells

Takeo Oku, Kazuma Kumada, Atsushi Suzuki, Kenji Kikuchi
2012 Open Engineering  
AbstractCopper phthalocyanine/fullerene-based solar cells were fabricated, and the electronic and optical properties were investigated. Effects of germanium addition to the solar cells were also investigated, which resulted in increase of power conversion efficiencies of the solar cells. Nanostructures of the solar cells were investigated by transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction, which indicated formation of Ge compound nanoparticles in the copper phthalocyanine layers.
more » ... yanine layers. Energy levels of the solar cells were discussed from the present analysis data.
doi:10.2478/s13531-011-0069-7 fatcat:4brynxjc7vhv3f4xikx3tsrrg4