Aluminum and ethanol induce alterations in superoxide and peroxide handling capacity (SPHC) in frontal and temporal cortex

Prasunpriya Nayak, S B Sharma, N V S Chowdary
2013 Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics  
Aluminum is an omnipresent neurotoxicant and has been associated with several neuropathological disorders. Cerebrum and cerebellum have been shown to face augmented oxidative stress when animals are exposed to aluminum and high doses of ethanol. To establish the link between oxidative stress and neurobehavioral alterations, the present study was conducted to determine the extent of oxidative stress in low levels of pro-oxidant (ethanol exposure) status of the functionally discrete regions of
more » ... crete regions of the cerebrum. Male Wistar rats were exposed to aluminum (10 mg/kg body wt) and ethanol (0.2-0.6 g/kg body wt) for 4 weeks. Spontaneous motor activity (SMA) and Rota-Rod performances (RRP) were recorded weekly during the period of exposure. At the end of 4th week, oxidative stress parameters were determined from the homogenized cerebral tissue. GSH-independent superoxide peroxide handling capacity (GI-SPHC) and GSH-dependent superoxide peroxide handling capacity (GD-SPHC) were determined for FC and TC upon exposure to ethanol in the absence and presence of aluminum exposure. Aluminum was found to augment the oxidative stress at higher doses (0.6 g Ethanol/kg body wt) of ethanol, particularly in FC. The SPHC of FC was also found to be compromised significantly in aluminum-ethanol co-exposed animals. It was concluded that even though the manifestation of oxidative stress was not observed as revealed by assaying the widely used oxidative stress biochemical markers (indices), aluminum and ethanol (low doses) exposure induced alterations in the handling capacity of oxidant imbalance that could be recognized by studying the SPHC of FC. Comparison of GD-SPHC and GI-SPHC offered a possible mechanism of compromised SPHC in FC. This observation is likely to offer insights into the mechanism of association between aluminium exposure and behavioral changes in neurodegenerative disorders towards therapeutic strategies for these disorders.
pmid:24772961 fatcat:icrs62c5frahxktdrqg25bkgm4