Dynamic Evolution and Regional Disparity in Carbon Emission Intensity in China

Meng Yang, Yisheng Liu, Jinzhao Tian, Feiyu Cheng, Pengbo Song
2022 Sustainability  
China's carbon reductions are of great significance to the realization of global temperature control targets. Carbon emission intensity (CEI) represents the degree of coordination between emissions and economic development to some extent. Nevertheless, there is a paucity of research on its spatial–temporal evolution and regional differences. To fill the gap, this study exploits the Theil index to shed light on the characteristics of its spatial–temporal distribution and regional disparities in
more » ... hina during the period of 2000–2019, and constructs a multi-regional spatial index decomposition model to analyze the differences in its drivers. The results indicate that the decreasing CEI during the period of 2000–2019 shows a distinctive imbalance in spatial–temporal distribution. The gap between north and south is greater than that between east and west. The expansion of the Theil index based on CEI reveals a widening tendency of the mismatch between emissions and economic development among provinces. CEI disparity is mainly due to growing intraregional differences. For most provinces, the energy intensity effect is the essential driver of spatial differences regarding CEI, with the energy structure and the industrial structure effects gradually changing from promoting to inhibiting effects. The carbon emission factor effect has no significant fluctuation, but regional differences are distinct.
doi:10.3390/su14074052 fatcat:3hozzxpgjjec3mhydghgxdhxbm