ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﺎﺳﻤﻪ Role of Good Governance in Urban Planning Case Study: Tehran Metro
Generally, planning theories are divided in two sections: first, they study process of planning (procedural planning), second, they study product of planning (substantive planning). This article is studying procedural planning in metro project of TEHRAN metropolis. Namely, steps of decision-making and planning, and their effects have been studied in this project. In this regard, the role of good governance which is included of participation, responsibility, citizenship, transparency,
... parency, efficiency, rule of law and etc. is studied along with studying the role of people and interaction of government, people and public sector in planning process in this project. The manner of good governance that has been brought up in 1980s is a process that the government, people and public sectors interact with each other. Nowadays this manner is the only way in deliverance of poverty and undeveloped condition in international associations and local management oblige to ٣٠ execute it, because it is the most effective and the most sustainability management way that is following regional development and then national development. Thus, first generalities has been presented in the field of metro short history (time and cause of metro bring up, designers and partners in planning and execution of this project), then an interview has been carried out with metro incumbents and residents of one of metro stations (Imam-E-Khomeini station of Tehran), in basis of people participation proportion in this project and consideration proportion of good governance principles from metro incumbents. Then these information have been analyzed using descriptive-analytical way and Spss software. Finally these information has been added up and some suggestions have been presented. Results of this research show that planning is carried out in top-down planning and not bottom-up planning, because people didn't have any specific role in this project planning and execution (bureaucratic and top-down planning), and in this article, principles of good governance have not considered. Undoubtly, this condition is cause of undesirable effects. If metro incumbents aren't attention for citizenship rights, people won't responsible for this project. And this condition will obstacle regional development and national development finally.