Allograft bone in two-stage revision of the hip for infection

P. Ammon, I. Stockley
2004 Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery  
A two-stage procedure was carried out on 57 patients with confirmed infection in a hip replacement. Allograft bone was used in the second stage. Pathogenic organisms were identified in all patients. In stage 1, the prosthesis was removed together with infected tissue. Antibiotics were added to customised cement beads. Systemic antibiotics were not used. At the second stage, 45 of the patients had either acetabular impaction grafting, femoral impaction grafting or a combination; 12 had a massive
more » ... n; 12 had a massive allograft. Eight patients suffered recurrent infection (14%), in six with the original infecting organism. The risk factors for re-infection were multiple previous procedures and highly resistant organisms. We believe that systemic antibiotic therapy should be considered for these patients. Allograft bone is shown to be a useful adjunct in most infected hip replacements with considerable loss of bone stock.
doi:10.1302/0301-620x.86b7.14292 pmid:15446518 fatcat:rx2zmpratre4dixuawvc6nw7om