SOFA: Communication in Extreme Wireless Sensor Networks [chapter]

Marco Cattani, Marco Zuniga, Matthias Woehrle, Koen Langendoen
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Sensor networks can nowadays deliver 99.9% of their data with duty cycles below 1%. This remarkable performance is, however, dependent on some important underlying assumptions: low trac rates, medium size densities and static nodes. In this paper, we investigate the performance of these same resource-constrained devices, but under scenarios that present extreme conditions: high trac rates, high densities and mobility. To cope with these stringent requirements, we propose a novel communication
more » ... otocol named SOFA (Stop On First Ack). SOFA utilizes opportunistic anycast to drastically reduce the rendezvous times of asynchronous duty cycled nodes long rendezvous times are the key limitation of protocols operating under high densities and high trac conditions. SOFA is also stateless, which makes it resilient to mobility. We implemented SOFA in the Contiki OS and tested it both in simulation and on a 100-node testbed. Our results show that SOFA reliably communicates in mobile networks with extreme densities (hundreds of nodes) and higher trac rates (packets per second) while maintaining a low duty cycle (≈2%). Under these extreme conditions, current duty cycled protocols collapse.
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-04651-8_7 fatcat:ydn5xhlb4rhpbl7jyvcqzvrs2y