50 & 25 Years Ago

Erich Neuhold
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/dsrvu6bllzai7oj3hktnc5yf4q" style="color: black;">Computer</a> </i> &nbsp;
Some Industrial Applications of Minicomputers; Russell A. Henzel (p. 7) "Industrial applications have been one of the key markets motivating the development of minicomputers. Some of the first small computers were designed specifically to perform tasks in process control, manufacturing and laboratories." (p. 8) "Data acquisition represents one of the very first applications of small digital computers in industrial plants and in fact one of the first applications of real time computers. ... The
more &raquo; ... rimary functions performed by a data acquisition system are monitoring, alarm checking, and data logging." (p. 9) "Direct digital control utilizes the computer as the feedback element in the plant replacing conventional analog control devices. ... Instead of a large central control system, the user installs several smaller systems dedicated to a particular part of the process." (p. 10) "The two previous applications of minicomputers in industrial control are principally directed toward continuous and semi-continuous processes. ... A recently emerging application which has a great deal of promise is the collection of factory data in a manufacturing plant. The data to be recorded is not from sensors but from people, the factory employees. ... The simplest of these systems is a time and attendance reporting system. This involves replacing the conventional time clock and punched card procedures with a simple terminal into which an employee inserts his identification badge. ... A material control system would be quite similar in that all entries and dispersals from the stock room would be accompanied by a terminal transaction." [Editor's note: It is interesting to note that, 50 years ago, digitizing the factory floor via minicomputers clearly was an issue, whereas the management components were still seen as tasks for centralized computers fed by terminals.] Communications and the Minicomputer; Christopher J.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/mc.2021.3055885">doi:10.1109/mc.2021.3055885</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ijpcjellhfhojphwyab3hp4jq4">fatcat:ijpcjellhfhojphwyab3hp4jq4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210901041331/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/2/9524643/09524671.pdf?tp=&amp;arnumber=9524671&amp;isnumber=9524643&amp;ref=" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/49/53/4953ce26f9408db7efaf02aecf90deb8ae73357e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/mc.2021.3055885"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>