High-Dose Radioimmunotherapy with 90Y-Ibritumomab Tiuxetan: Comparative Dosimetric Study for Tailored Treatment
Journal of Nuclear Medicine
High-dose 90 Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan therapy and associated autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) were applied after dosimetry. This paper reports dosimetric findings for 3 different methods, including image corrections and actual organ mass corrections. Our first goal was to identify the most reliable and feasible dosimetric method to be adopted in high-dose therapy with 90 Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan. The second goal was to verify the safety of the prescribed activity and the best timing of
... he best timing of stem cell reinfusion. Methods: Twenty-two patients with refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were enrolled into 3 activity groups escalating to 55.5 MBq/kg. A somewhat arbitrary cutoff of 20 Gy to organs (except red marrow) was defined as a safe limit for patient recruitment. ASCT was considered of low risk when the dose to reinfused stem cells was less than 50 mGy. 111 In-Ibritumomab tiuxetan (185 MBq) was administered for dosimetry. Blood samples were collected up to 130 h after injection to derive individual blood clearance rates and red marrow doses. Five whole-body images were acquired up to 7 d after injection. A transmission scan and a low-dose CT scan were also acquired. The conjugate-view technique was used, and images were corrected for background, scatter, and attenuation. Absorbed doses were calculated using the OLINDA/EXM software, adjusting doses for individual organ masses. The biodistribution data were analyzed for dosimetry by the conjugate-view technique using 3 methods. Method A was a patient-specific method applying background, scatter, and attenuation correction, with absorbed doses calculated using the OLINDA/EXM software and doses adjusted for individual organ masses and individually estimated blood volumes. Method B was a reference method using the organ masses of the reference man and woman phantoms. Method C was a simplified method using standard blood and red marrow volumes and no corrections. Results: The medians and ranges (in parentheses) for dose estimates (mGy/ MBq) according to method A were 1.7 (0.3-3.5) for lungs, 2.8 (1.8-10.6) for liver, 1.7 (0.6-3.8) for kidneys, 1.9 (0.8-5.0) for spleen, 0.8 (0.4-1.0) for red marrow, and 2.8 (1.3-4.7) for testes. None of patients had to postpone ASCT. Absorbed doses from method B differed from method A by up to 100% for liver, 80% for kidneys, 335% for spleen, and 80% for blood because of differences between standard and actual masses. Compared with method A, method C led to dose overestimates of up to 4-fold for lungs, 2-fold for liver, 5-fold for kidneys, 7-fold for spleen, 2-fold for red marrow, and 2-fold for testes. Conclusion: Patientspecific dosimetry with image correction and mass adjustment is recommended in high-dose 90 Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan therapy, for which liver is the dose-limiting organ. Overly simplified dosimetry may provide inaccurate information on the dose to critical organs, the recommended values of administered activity, and the timing of ASCT.