Dark matter with two- and many-body decays and supernovae type Ia

Gordon Blackadder, Savvas M. Koushiappas
2014 Physical Review D  
We present a decaying dark matter scenario where the daughter products are a single massless relativistic particle and a single, massive but possibly relativistic particle. We calculate the velocity distribution of the massive daughter particle and its associated equation of state and derive its dynamical evolution in an expanding universe. In addition, we present a model of decaying dark matter where there are many massless relativistic daughter particles together with a massive particle at
more » ... sive particle at rest. We place constraints on these two models using supernovae type Ia observations. We find that for a daughter relativistic fraction of 1% and higher, lifetimes of at least less than 10 Gyrs are excluded, with larger relativistic fractions constraining longer lifetimes.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.90.103527 fatcat:vxh4uobuj5debfryaxollkzma4