Accelerating the discovery of crystalline materials with desired intrinsic properties by machine learning

Teng Long
As an emergent research paradigm, data-driven methods (e.g., machine learning) have recently been applied extensively to materials science, which provide valuable solutions to map out the process-structure-property relationships, thus enabling autonomous materials designs. In this thesis, focusing on the mapping between crystal structures and intrinsic physical properties, both forward modelling (to predict physical properties with crystal structures as input) and inverse design (to predict
more » ... l crystal structures with desired properties) have been performed, accelerating the design of crystalline materials with desired properties. For the forward modelling, Curie temperature of 1749 ferromagnetic materials was collected to carry out machine learning modelling based on the two-step random forest method. The resulting accuracy is about 91% for evaluating the Curie temperature, which has been further validated by 85 experimental results. In this regard, it provides a practical solution to accelerate designing functional ferromagnetic materials, as the Curie temperature is one of the three key intrinsic magnetic properties (in addition to magnetization and magnetic anisotropy energy). Furthermore, in collaboration with Yixuan Zhang, we demonstrated that both the total energies and forces on atoms could be modelled accurately, leading to a reliable construction of machine-learning interatomic potentials for further atomistic simulations like molecular dynamics. Therefore, the forward modelling can be applied to predict the intrinsic physical properties and to bridge quantitative simulations across the electronic and atomistic length scales. In terms of inverse design, constrained crystal deep convolutional generative adversarial networks (CCDCGAN) have been developed, directly predicting crystal structures distinct from the known cases based on the image-based continuous representation (of the crystal structures) forming a latent space. Moreover, the intrinsic properties of generated structures can be optimized in t [...]
doi:10.26083/tuprints-00019964 fatcat:cry7m6bxvrgk5nmhz4ftpkbo5e