Main tendencies of vocational-techical education development in Ukraine in 1950s

I. O. Bishovets
2014 Granì  
The article deals with main development tendencies of vocational­technical education in the labour reserves system in Ukraine in 1950s. It is highlighted that considerable qualitative changes in the training process of qualified workers are typical for the 1950s. They created colleges of agriculture mechanizations in the system of state labour reserves, these colleges mostly trained tractor operators. In 1954 they opened technical colleges – educational establishments of new type in the labour
more » ... type in the labour reserves system. The creation of technical colleges became the new phase of improvement of vocational­training system. The peculiar feature of technical colleges is that pupils who have 10 forms of general education got certain amount of special technical and engineering knowledge and skilled vocational training which took about 70% of all educational time. In 1955 they created ten­months building schools which lately, in 1957, were transformed into building colleges. These schools and colleges satisfied the third part of need in qualified workers and builders. Also since 1957 they began to organize such new types of educational establishments as vocational­technical colleges for training of qualified workers with secondary education who came from orphanage. In the late 1950s the system of vocational­training was created on the labour reserves base. Factory training schools, handicraft, railway, mining induistries, building colleges and colleges of agriculture mechanization, labour reserves, vocational­training schools and schools of factory apprenticeship were reorganized into specialized day and evening city vocational­technical colleges and village vocational­technical colleges.
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