CHRISTIAN VALUES AND PUBLIC SPHERE: GIUSEPPE LAZZATI'S PARADIGM

Marius Liviu Ciuraru
unpublished
Human nature is both political and religious. Like politics, religion has numerous forms that always coexist. Modernity is regarded by many as the disappearance of religion from public sphere, but today it is obvious that faith is a part of public reason. The relationship between religion and state is uniform in the democratic spaces. State must assure liberty and safety to its citizens. Religion is not any more a structuring element, but a source of motivation in public sphere. Religious
more » ... re. Religious values are criteria for political choice. In European Union the Christian traditions must translate their values in a secular language, which is possible through institutional activities or personal statements. After the Second World War, in Europe, Giuseppe Lazzati was an important actor of public reason, developing significant values within his activity as a Christian and a political man. He loved God and the city. He has projected a paradigm of building la città dell'uomo (the citadel of man) in connection with human dignity of the Bible (an embodiment of faith and politics). It stands for that the Christian faith can offer one of the best patterns in the construction of the common good, even the community is secular and in a context of pluralism. SECULARIZATION AND THE PUBLIC SPHERE Aristotle description of the human being, namely, zoon politikon is undoubtedly one indissoluble, but of the same kind can be considered that of homo religiosus. Was there ever a civitas without religion? The answer is obsolete and revitalization of the religious phenomenology traditions in last decades invalidates any doubt. Moreover, any form of government was justified by arguments that belong to the religious space. Religious values are fundamental to any public sphere. Religion cannot be considered an opponent to political modernity, being a treasure of resources. The relationship between religious traditions and  Marius Liviu Ciuraru () "Alexandru
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