Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Thalamic Mediodorsal Nucleus and Pulvinar in Schizophrenia and Schizotypal Personality Disorder

William Byne, Monte S. Buchsbaum, Eileen Kemether, Erin A. Hazlett, Akbar Shinwari, Vivian Mitropoulou, Larry J. Siever
2001 Archives of General Psychiatry  
The importance of neuronal interactions in development, the cortical dependence of many thalamic nuclei, and the phenomenon of transsynaptic degeneration suggest possible abnormalities in thalamic nuclei with connections to other brain regions implicated in schizophrenia. Because frontal and temporal lobe volumes are diminished in schizophrenia, volume loss could characterize their primary thalamic relay nuclei (mediodorsal nucleus [MDN] and pulvinar). Methods: Tracers delineated the thalamus,
more » ... ated the thalamus, MDN, and pulvinar on contiguous 1.2-mm magnetic resonance images in 12 schizophrenic patients, 12 with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD), and 12 normal control subjects. The MDN and pulvinar were rendered visible by means of a Sobel intensity-gradient filter. Results: Pixel overlap for delineation of all structures by independent tracers was at least 80%; intraclass correlations were r = 0.78 for MDN and r = 0.83 for pulvi-
doi:10.1001/archpsyc.58.2.133 pmid:11177115 fatcat:qeobxay3kjdvzbqrvtkwssqqom