Maintenance of hyperglycaemia does not improve perfomence in a 100 km cycling time trial

AN Bosch, MC Kirkman
2007 South African Journal of Sports Medicine  
Objectives. The aim of this study was to determine whether the elevated plasma glucose oxidation rate (~ 1.8 g.min-1) in the latter stages of prolonged exercise in subjects in which hyperglycaemia (± 10 mmol.l-1) is maintained via a glucose clamp, improves 100 km cycling time-trial (TT) performance. Design. Seven endurance-trained male cyclists (22±4 yrs) participated in this randomised crossover trial. On two occasions, separated by 7 - 10 days, subjects performed a self-paced TT in the
more » ... ed TT in the laboratory. During one TT blood glucose was maintained at a euglycaemic concentration of ± 5 mmol.l-1 (ETT) and during the other, at ±10 mmol.l-1 (HTT). Each TT was interspersed with 5 X 1 km high-intensity periods (HIP) and 4 X 4 km HIP, in an attempt to mimic the variable intensity of competitive road races. Subjects were instructed to complete the TT in the 'fastest time possible', taking the 9 HIP (21 km) into consideration. Results. There were no significant differences between ETT and HTT in overall time (143:09±7:14 v. 142:23±7:16 min:s), mean power (275±39 v. 279±39 W) and heart rate (160±9 v. 158±11 beats.min-1). Conclusion. Time trial performance over 100 km is not improved by maintaining a hyperglycaemic (10 mmol.l-1) blood glucose concentration. South African Journal of Sports Medicine Vol. 19 (3) 2007: pp. 94-98
doi:10.17159/2078-516x/2007/v19i3a262 fatcat:dfubjkloonf2xbw57z4yione6m