LANGUAGE ACQUISITION VERSUS LANGUAGE LEARNING

Neetu Baghel
2018 An International Refereed e-Journal of Literary Explorations   unpublished
Language is the primary form of communication that humans use. However, language is not something that is taught to children. A child will pick up his/her native language just by being around other people, mainly their families. This is called language acquisition. The child acquires the language without any conscious thought or study. Language learning, on the other hand, is a structured learning of a language. This is the process that most people follow when trying to learn another language.
more » ... another language. Here the student is made to study lists of vocabulary, as well as sentence structure and grammar. This is the most common method used in schools and language learning centers. When we think of 'language learning' we need to understand two clearly distinct concepts. One involves receiving information about the language, transforming it into knowledge through intellectual effort and storing it through memorization. The other involves developing the skill of interacting with foreigners to understand them and speak their language. The first concept is called "language learning," while the other is referred to as "language acquisition." These are separate ideas and we will show that neither is a natural consequence of the other. The distinction between acquisition and learning is one of the hypotheses (the most important) established by the American Stephen Krashen in his highly regarded theory of foreign language acquisition known as the Natural Approach. Language acquisition refers to the process of natural assimilation, involving intuition and subconscious learning. Language Acquisition is the manner of learning a language by immersion. It provides the student with the practical knowledge of the language.It is the product of real interactions between people in environments of the target language and culture, where the learner is an active player. It is similar to the way children learn their native tongue, a process that produces functional skill in the spoken language without theoretical knowledge. It develops familiarity with the phonetic characteristics of the language as well as its structure and vocabulary, and is responsible for oral understanding, the capability for creative communication and for the identification of cultural values. In acquisition-inspired methodology, teaching and
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