An experimental assessment of displacement fluctuations in a 2D granular material subjected to shear

V. Richefeu, G. Combe, G. Viggiani
2012 Geotechnique Letters  
In a granular material, a macroscopically homogeneous deformation does not correspond to a homogeneous displacement field when looking at the individual grains. The deviation of a grain displacement from the value dictated by the continuum field (referred to as fluctuation) is likely to hold valuable information about the characteristic length(s) involved in grains' rearrangement, which is the principal mechanism of irreversible deformation for granular materials. This paper shows a selection
more » ... results from a series of shear tests on a 2D analogue granular material. We have followed the route opened by the pioneering work of Radja\"i and Roux (2002), and used the same framework to analyze our experimental data on displacement fluctuations. Digital Image Correlation has been used to measure and characterize the displacement fluctuations. The analysis of their spatial organization reveals the emergence of a minimum length scale that is in the order of 10 times the mean particle size.
doi:10.1680/geolett.12.00029 fatcat:d4kgbno6o5c3vflxb4d7i3hhha