Parameters of stressful events at a young age (data of cross-sectional epidemiological studies)
Russian Journal of Cardiology
Aim. To determine the parameters of family and work stress in the open population of the medium urban city of Western Siberia among young men and women.Material and methods. The study of nonconventional (psychosocial) risk factors for coronary artery disease was carried out according to the WHO program "MONICA-psychosocial" using the standard "Knowledge and attitude to your health" questionnaire. Family and work stress was determined by a face-to-face interview.Results. Stress in the family
... s in the family among young people in the medium urban city of Western Siberia was manifested mainly by the loss or severe illness of relatives, family conflicts; in men as well — a change in marital status, in women — lack of home rest. Stress at work was manifested mainly in high or low workplace responsibility; in men as well — in changing occupation, increasing workload and responsibility over the past year, changing job, in women — in the change of manager, lack of home rest among working women.Conclusion. Consequently, the sex characteristics of psychosocial risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, regarding chronic social stress factors, are even more significant, which specifies the need for a further study of psychosocial factors, and thereby the possibilities for changing the epidemiological situation of cardiovascular diseases in region. This also confirms the need for future research on the relationships of psychological disorders with cardiovascular diseases.