FATIGUE AND SLEEP PROBLEMS AMONG AIRLINE CREW MEMBERS" FOR CONSIDERATION FOR PUBLICATION IN ARCHIVES OF INTERNAL MEDICINE PLUS FAMILY MEDICINE
International Journal of Advanced Research
Objectives:-The objectives of the study are to assess the level of fatigue, the presence of sleep disorders and addiction among commercial airline crew members. The study further explores to identify various health related symptoms among commercial airline crew members. Methods:-It is a cross sectional study done from January to October 2014 on 108 airline crew members of Pakistan. A snow ball sampling method was used to administer a self reported questionnaire to involveduring a airplane
... . The questionnaire measures fatigue, insomnia and day time sleepiness by using Fatigue Severity Scale, Insomnia Severity Index and Epiworth Sleepiness Scale respectively. Data collected was analysed with SPSS version 20. All ethical considerations were taken in to account for the study. Results:-Out of the total 108 respondents 86 were female 22 were male crew members. The mean age was 32.41 ± 7.0 years (Range 20 to 52 years). The majority were married (57%) and had 1-10 years of work experience (66%). The average flying hours per week was found to be 26.81 ± 13.1 hours. Fatigue was found to be clinically significant in 54% of the respondents while using insomnia severity index score 51.9% showed sub threshold insomnia,31.5% showed clinically significant insomnia (moderate) and 7.4 % had complains of severe clinically significant insomnia.Day time sleepiness was assessed and 82% respondents reported excessive increase in daytime sleepiness. In order to increase alertness 51% use caffeinated drinks,27% used napping pre/after flight, 31% napping during flight, 17% taking stimulants for alertness, 5% caffeine supplements whereas 6% used hypnotic drugs. Forty eight percent were regular and occasional smokers while and only 8% were in habit of consuming alcohol regularly Conclusion:-The present study shows that aircrew fatigue has become a reality in Pakistan's commercial airlines. The consequences results in a larger proportion with insomnia and day time sleepiness. More details data is required and careful monitoring is needed by the relevant administration Copy Right, IJAR, 2016,. All rights reserved.