Identifying Genes Influencing Bone Mineral Density

Tanya Vaughan, Nigel Morrison, University, My
2018
In summary, this study investigated the role of novel polymorphisms and rare variants of the RUNX2 gene in influencing BMD, fracture and markers of bone turnover. Two common polymorphisms were identified within the polyA repeat: an 18 base pair deletion and a synonymous alanine codon polymorphism with alleles, A and G. The A allele was associated with increased BMD and was protective against a common form of osteoporotic fracture within a Geelong population. To verify these findings the RUNX2
more » ... indings the RUNX2 alleles were genotyped in 992 women from a Scottish cohort. The magnitude and the direction of the effect of the A allele was maintained in the Scottish cohort. Interestingly, the A allele was shown to exert a menopause specific effect, with postmenopausal women showing the strongest effect. On re-analysis of the GOS data the post-menopausal women were found to drive the significance identified in the cohort. The magnitude of the effect of the A allele on BMD was greater in overweight/obese postmenopausal women indicating a gene-weight interaction for RUNX2. The RUNX2 11Ala allele showed a significant relationship with decreased LS BMD in overweight/obese Scottish women. The 11Ala allele was also associated with higher levels of urinary PYD and DPD in women treated with HRT, indicating higher levels of bone turnover in carriers of the 11Ala allele. In contrast to the Scottish cohort, no significant association with heterozygous carriers of 11Ala was observed in GOS, although a significant association was detected for homozygous carriers and LS BMAD. The 11 Ala RUNX2 allele was significantly associated with decreased serum osteocalcin levels and the A allele was significantly associated with TNF in OA patients. Glutamine variants and an alanine insertion were identified within Geelong and Scottish cohorts, which showed low Z and T scores suggesting that RUNX2 variants may be related to genetic effects on BMD and osteoporosis. Polymorphism of the polyQ/polyA region of RUNX2 were identified within this study were shown to assoc [...]
doi:10.25904/1912/3898 fatcat:2hgooipxirfl5ehg2wse5nuqcq