Equivalent Wind-Erosion Protection from Selected Crop Residues

Leon Lyles, Bruce E. Allison
1981 Transactions of the ASAE  
The wind erosion equation, which estimates annual potential erosion, requires that all vegetation (dry weight per area) be expressed as a small grain equivalent (SG)e. Wind-tunnel tests were used to determine that equivalent for five growing crops. These are corn (Zeu mays L.), cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], peanuts (Aruchis hypogaeu L.), and soybean [Glycine mux (L.) Merr.] in rows both perpendicular and parallel to flow. Compared with the small
more » ... d with the small grain standard, all the growing crops evaluated in rows perpendicular to flow effectively prevented erosion. Because measured or estimated amounts of aboveground biomass are needed in determining (SG)es, simple power equations relating biomass to plant height were developed. For short-term application of the wind erosion equation by crop stage period or in models with daily time steps, an equation was derived for calculating (%)e from time-after-emergence growth curves. Additional index words: Small grain equivalent, Wind erosion equation, Wind erosion control, Erosion models. N IMPORTANT principle of wind erosion control A is establishing or maintaining vegetative cover * Soil scientist and research leader, USDA-ARS, Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS 66506. Published in Agron. J. 77:703-707 (1985).
doi:10.13031/2013.34265 fatcat:i4thor4csjeh7mn73siqrtm6qq