Preparation of Silica Aerogels by Ambient Pressure Drying without Causing Equipment Corrosion

Lixiao Zhu, Yali Wang, Suping Cui, Feihua Yang, Zuoren Nie, Qunyan Li, Qi Wei
2018 Molecules  
The silica aerogels were prepared via a sol-gel technique and ambient pressure drying by using industrial solid wastes, dislodged sludges, as raw materials. A strategy was put forward to reduce the corrosion of equipment during the drying procedure. The pore structure, hydrophobicity, and thermal insulation property of the obtained samples were investigated in detail. The results show that the corrosion can be effectively avoided by using an equimolar mixture of trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS) and
more » ... rosilane (TMCS) and hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) as silylation agents. At a Si:TMCS:HMDS molar ratio of 1:0.375:0.375, the silica aerogels possess a desirable pore structure with a pore volume of 3.3 ± 0.1 cm3/g and a most probable pore size of 18.5 nm, a high hydrophobicity with a water contact angle of 144.2 ± 1.1°, and a low thermal conductivity of 0.031 ± 0.001 W/(m∙K).
doi:10.3390/molecules23081935 pmid:30072663 fatcat:ymbhprsxzzho7nhncd747rkwcm