Experience with Sorafenib in Patients with Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated at the National Cancer Institute of Panama (Sorafen Study)
International Journal of Clinical Oncology and Cancer Research
Sorafenib is an oral multi-kinase inhibitor that increases survival and delays tumor progression in patients with advanced hepatocarcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to determine the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) and to analyze OS-related factors in this population between 2014 and 2019. We performed a retrospective review of patients with advanced HCC who were treated with sorafenib at the National Cancer Institute of Panama (Instituto Oncologico Nacional de Panama
... P) from January 2014 to December 2019. The data were collected from electronic health records of the IONP. In total, 77 patients with a mean age of 65 years were analyzed. Sixty-three percent of the patients were men, and most of them had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 1 and had not undergone any prior treatment. Forty-four percent patients had Child-Pugh Class A. The most frequent progression site was the liver (27%), followed by the lungs. Mean PFS was 1 month, and mean OS was 3 months. The clinical benefit was 39% and Overall response rate was 3,9%; for those with stable disease, it was 35,1%, and 3,9% showed a partial response. More encouraging results were obtained from patients with higher functional statuses (ECOG status 0-1) and who were in milder stages of liver disease (Child-Pugh Class A). The most common adverse events were fatigue, hand-foot syndrome, nausea and vomiting, and arterial hypertension. The survival results assessed in our institution for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma treated with sorafenib are below of those published in the literature; however, after selecting the cases with ECOG 0-1 and Child A stage, our results were more in line with those of the international literature, being the most important prognostic factors in our patients. Fatigue and hand-foot syndrome were the most common adverse events. The key to the success of this therapy lies in an adequate selection of patients.