Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in imprisoned individuals--a review

Ahmad Ghanizadeh, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Hossein Sanaei-Zadeh
2011 Psychiatria Danubina  
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders with lifelong impact of the affected individuals. It is usually co-morbid with other psychiatric disorders. This paper aims to review current knowledge about ADHD in imprisoned individuals. The rate of ADHD in prisoners ranges from 10% to 70% and it has been suggested that ADHD, even without co-morbidity with conduct disorder, is a risk factor for imprisonment. Based on these findings, it may be
more » ... se to include the assessment of ADHD symptoms in all adult and adolescent prisoners. This is while available psychiatric resources for the adequate management of ADHD in prisoners are limited. Most of current knowledge on the topic comes from western countries. There is an urgent need for studies that will explore the effect of other cultures on the interactions between ADHD and imprisonment, especially in developing countries worldwide. At this point, ADHD seems to be an ignored research area in developing countries.
pmid:21685851 fatcat:m6w7v3uuzfad7ntp4wgglauchm