Halo Properties in Models with Dynamical Dark Energy

A. Klypin, A. V. Macciò, R. Mainini, S. A. Bonometto
2003 Astrophysical Journal  
We study properties of dark matter halos in a variety of models which include Dark Energy (DE). We consider both DE due to a scalar field self--interacting through Ratra-Peebles or SUGRA potentials, and DE with constant negative w=p\rho >-1. We find that at redshift zero the nonlinear power spectrum of the dark matter, and the mass function of halos, practically do not depend on DE state equation and are almost indistinguishable from predictions of the LCDM model. This is consistent with the
more » ... sistent with the nonlinear analysis presented in the accompanying paper. It is also a welcome feature because LCDM models fit a large variety of data. On the other hand, at high redshifts DE models show substantial differences from LCDM and substantial differences among themselves. Halo profiles differ even at z=0. DE halos are denser than LCDM in their central parts because the DE halos collapse earlier. Nevertheless, differences between the models are not so large. For example, the density at 10 kpc of a DE \~10^{13}Msun halo deviates from LCDM by not more than 50%. This, however, means that DE is not a way to ease the problem with cuspy dark matter profiles. Addressing another cosmological problem - abundance of subhalos -- we find that the number of satellites of halos in various DE models does not change relative to the LCDM, when normalized to the same circular velocity of the parent halo. To summarize, the best way to find which DE model fits the observed Universe is to look for evolution of halo properties. For example, the abundance of galaxy groups with mass larger than 10^{13}\Msun at z> 2 can be used to discriminate between the models, and, thus, to constrain the nature of DE.
doi:10.1086/379237 fatcat:vflrqxgvtzgydnjkp3ybcrmv3a