First line in psychiatric emergency: pre-hospital emergency protocol for mental disorders in Iran

Fatemeh Shirzad, Fatemeh Hadi, Seyede Salehe Mortazavi, Maryam Biglari, Hassan Noori Sari, Zeinab Mohammadi, Mehrdad Kazemzade Atoofi, Seyed Vahid Shariat
2020 BMC Emergency Medicine  
This article is a report of designing a rapid and effective guide for paramedics who take care of patients in a pre-hospital setting to answer developing demands. The relevant literature was reviewed, and the topics were extracted. Then, the extracted items were discussed in an expert panel. Finally, items were discussed in a meeting including emergency technicians and emergency technical assistants to identify implementation problems. Important topics for managing psychiatric patients were
more » ... c patients were categorized at three levels: 1) Patient safety and security issues, 2) Patient status assessment and diagnosis, and 3) Patient management (medical, behavioral management, and referral to a treatment center). This protocol can be a solution to improve emergency technician training. Such summarized protocols can be used for rapid review immediately before exposing a patient with an acute psychiatric condition. Due to specific cultural and different access to medicines in Iran, some issues are different.
doi:10.1186/s12873-020-00313-2 pmid:32178629 fatcat:yo4sfcpr6bbivolbh2tsbsfc5q