Nuclear Ssr4 Is Required for the In Vitro and In Vivo Asexual Cycles and Global Gene Activity of Beauveria bassiana

Wei Shao, Qing Cai, Sen-Miao Tong, Sheng-Hua Ying, Ming-Guang Feng, Michelle Heck
2020 mSystems  
Ssr4 is known to serve as a cosubunit of chromatin-remodeling SWI/SNF and RSC complexes in yeasts but has not been functionally characterized in fungi. This study unveils for the first time the pleiotropic effects caused by deletion of ssr4 and its role in mediating global gene expression in a fungal insect pathogen. Our findings confirm an essential role of Ssr4 in hydrophobin biosynthesis and assembly required for growth, differentiation, and development of aerial hyphae for conidiation and
more » ... r conidiation and conidial adhesion to insect surface and its essentiality for insect pathogenicity and virulence-related cellular events. Importantly, Ssr4 can regulate nearly one-fourth of all genes in the fungal genome in direct and indirect manners, including dozens involved in gene activity and hundreds involved in metabolism and/or transport of carbohydrates, amino acids, lipids, and/or inorganic ions. These findings highlight a significance of Ssr4 for filamentous fungal lifestyle.
doi:10.1128/msystems.00677-19 fatcat:qfdhbdvadbdw3cwvaeokvm4vka