TOTAL SHOULDER REPLACEMENT IN RHEUMATOID DISEASE
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery
We made a prospective study of 58 consecutive Neer II total shoulder replacements in 49 rheumatoid patients. Cemented glenoid and press-fit humeral components had been used. After a mean follow-up of 9.5 years (7 to 13), 11 patients (15 shoulders) had died, one shoulder had been arthrodesed and five patients (five shoulders) had been lost to follow-up. Of the remaining 37 shoulders 29 were painfree or had only slight discomfort, four had pain on unusual activity, and four had moderate or severe
... moderate or severe pain. There were satisfactory improvements in the mean range of active elevation (53° to 75°) and external rotation (5° to 38°); satisfactory performance of the activities of daily living had been maintained throughout follow-up. Radiographs showed loosening in ten shoulders of nine glenoid and nine humeral components but of these only three had significant symptoms. Three loose glenoid components and two loose humeral components required revision. We consider that the Neer total shoulder replacement provides a reasonable medium to long-term outcome in rheumatoid arthritis, but recommend that the humeral component should be routinely cemented.