Online Timely Status Updates with Erasures for Energy Harvesting Sensors [article]

Ahmed Arafa, Jing Yang, Sennur Ulukus, H. Vincent Poor
2018 arXiv   pre-print
An energy harvesting sensor that is sending status updates to a destination through an erasure channel is considered, in which transmissions are prone to being erased with some probability q, independently from other transmissions. The sensor, however, is unaware of erasure events due to lack of feedback from the destination. Energy expenditure is normalized in the sense that one transmission consumes one unit of energy. The sensor is equipped with a unit-sized battery to save its incoming
more » ... y, which arrives according to a Poisson process of unit rate. The setting is online, in which energy arrival times are only revealed causally after being harvested, and the goal is to design transmission times such that the long term average age of information (AoI), defined as the time elapsed since the latest update has reached the destination successfully, is minimized. The optimal status update policy is first shown to have a renewal structure, in which the time instants at which the destination receives an update successfully constitute a renewal process. Then, for q≤1/2, the optimal renewal policy is shown to have a threshold structure, in which a new status update is transmitted only if the AoI grows above a certain threshold, that is shown to be a decreasing function of q. While for q>1/2, the optimal renewal policy is shown to be greedy, in which a new status update is transmitted whenever energy is available.
arXiv:1811.04912v1 fatcat:zbrbaifi7ncstkvthl5goxp4eq