Hellinger volume and number-on-the-forehead communication complexity [article]

Troy Lee, Nikos Leonardos, Michael Saks, Fengming Wang
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Information-theoretic methods have proven to be a very powerful tool in communication complexity, in particular giving an elegant proof of the linear lower bound for the two-party disjointness function, and tight lower bounds on disjointness in the multi-party number-in-the-hand (NIH) model. In this paper, we study the applicability of information theoretic methods to the multi-party number-on-the-forehead model (NOF), where determining the complexity of disjointness remains an important open
more » ... oblem. There are two basic parts to the NIH disjointness lower bound: a direct sum theorem and a lower bound on the one-bit AND function using a beautiful connection between Hellinger distance and protocols revealed by Bar-Yossef, Jayram, Kumar and Sivakumar [BYJKS04]. Inspired by this connection, we introduce the notion of Hellinger volume. We show that it lower bounds the information cost of multi-party NOF protocols and provide a small toolbox that allows one to manipulate several Hellinger volume terms and lower bound a Hellinger volume when the distributions involved satisfy certain conditions. In doing so, we prove a new upper bound on the difference between the arithmetic mean and the geometric mean in terms of relative entropy. We then apply these new tools to obtain a lower bound on the informational complexity of the AND_k function in the NOF setting. Finally, we discuss the difficulties of proving a direct sum theorem for information cost in the NOF model.
arXiv:1407.5425v1 fatcat:f4i3uefklbew5k7jklu35cez4e