استعادة القدس بقيادة صلاح الدين الأيوبي : بين الروايات التاريخية و القصائد الشعرية

آمنة سليمان البدوي
2013 IUG Journal of Humanities Research  
The Levant Region witnessed events and changes during the Crusades Era, most prominent among these was the conquest of Beit Al-Maqdis. This seizure had a profound impact on the morale of Muslims, who continuously sought to implore and incite their leaders to win Beit Al-Maqdis back. They went on reminding their leaders of the momentous importance of this matter at the time of every Islamic conquest that preceded this the conquest of Beit Al-Maqdis. A number of leaders, raised up in the Muslim
more » ... up in the Muslim nation, performed complementary and successive roles in combating the Crusaders, until Muslims managed to recapture Beit Al-Maqdis under the leadership of Salahu'd-Din the Ayyubid in the year 583 AH/1187G. This conquest was reflected in the writings of historians, and developed thereafter by poets, who made frequent and lengthy mention of the re-conquest of Beit Al-Maqdis and congratulated the Muslim nation on occasion of the victory. Post-Crusades poets described the battle in which Salahu'd-Din the Ayyubid regained the Holy Land and spoke in detail about its effects, lauding Salahu'd-Din, the commander, and extolling his piety, valor, reverence, magnanimity and humility. In addition, such poetry exhibits distinguishing artistic features. ‫ﺩ‬ . ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﻤﻨﺔ‬ 428 The paper discussed the foregoing aspects relying on historical and literary sources, the most important of which include: al-Kamil fit- Tarikh by Ibn al-Athir, al-Rawdatayn fi Akhbar al-Dawlatayn by Ibn Shamah al-Maqdisi, al-Fath al-Qassiyu fil-Fath al-Qudsi by al-'Imad, the diwans of poets such as that of Ibn al-Qaysurani, Fityan al-Shaghouri and others, a number of criticism books including 'Iyar al-Shi'r by Ibn Tabataba and al-Mathal al-Sa 'ir by Dhiya' al-Din Ibn al-Athir, translated references, and dissertation.
doi:10.12816/0013713 fatcat:drcdyfvlavhoznukmmb777vz64