استعادة القدس بقيادة صلاح الدين الأيوبي : بين الروايات التاريخية و القصائد الشعرية
IUG Journal of Humanities Research
The Levant Region witnessed events and changes during the Crusades Era, most prominent among these was the conquest of Beit Al-Maqdis. This seizure had a profound impact on the morale of Muslims, who continuously sought to implore and incite their leaders to win Beit Al-Maqdis back. They went on reminding their leaders of the momentous importance of this matter at the time of every Islamic conquest that preceded this the conquest of Beit Al-Maqdis. A number of leaders, raised up in the Muslim
... up in the Muslim nation, performed complementary and successive roles in combating the Crusaders, until Muslims managed to recapture Beit Al-Maqdis under the leadership of Salahu'd-Din the Ayyubid in the year 583 AH/1187G. This conquest was reflected in the writings of historians, and developed thereafter by poets, who made frequent and lengthy mention of the re-conquest of Beit Al-Maqdis and congratulated the Muslim nation on occasion of the victory. Post-Crusades poets described the battle in which Salahu'd-Din the Ayyubid regained the Holy Land and spoke in detail about its effects, lauding Salahu'd-Din, the commander, and extolling his piety, valor, reverence, magnanimity and humility. In addition, such poetry exhibits distinguishing artistic features. ﺩ . ﺍﻟﺒﺩﻭﻱ ﺁﻤﻨﺔ 428 The paper discussed the foregoing aspects relying on historical and literary sources, the most important of which include: al-Kamil fit- Tarikh by Ibn al-Athir, al-Rawdatayn fi Akhbar al-Dawlatayn by Ibn Shamah al-Maqdisi, al-Fath al-Qassiyu fil-Fath al-Qudsi by al-'Imad, the diwans of poets such as that of Ibn al-Qaysurani, Fityan al-Shaghouri and others, a number of criticism books including 'Iyar al-Shi'r by Ibn Tabataba and al-Mathal al-Sa 'ir by Dhiya' al-Din Ibn al-Athir, translated references, and dissertation.