Meteorological Data Analysis of Temperature and Rainfall in the case of Southern Ethiopia (Western Guji, Guji, and Borana zone from 1988-2018)

Belay Daba Gutem
2022 Journal of Ecology & Natural Resources  
This research studied meteorological data analysis of temperature and rainfall of Southern Ethiopia specifically Borana, West Guji, and Guji zone starting from 1988-to 2018. The study's main concern on analysis of nature, trends, and rate of temperature and rainfall change, and lastly focuses on the effect of climate change on crops and livestock. The researchers employed a descriptive research design and both quantitative and qualitative approaches. The researchers employed MicroSoft Excel
more » ... dow 13), SPSS-21 version software, application of the Mann–Kendall test, and Sen's methods. The finding of this research was the temperature of all stations/zones of the study area was increased. The average temperature of moyale, Yabello, Bule Hora and Nagele is 23.47°C, 21.40°C, 19.20°C, and 17.41°C respectively and the smallest variation is observed in Bule Hora. The rainfall of the study area in all stations with the exception of Bule Hora, declined and the amount of average rainfall of Negele is much higher than others and followed by Bule Hora and the smallest rainfall was registered in Moyale. The average rainfall of Negele was 114mm, Bule Hora 80.98mm, Yabelo49.50mm and Moyale 44.89mm. The other finding of this research was crop and livestock of the study area where negatively affected. The researchers recommended-communities unity including government, private, NGO have a responsibility to minimize the effect of this climate change in the study area specifically and all developed and developing countries must come together to reduce change in climate and its negative effect in general.
doi:10.23880/jenr-16000304 fatcat:qhn73koqvffrdi453u3kgv7oo4