Sensor Network Architectures for Monitoring Underwater Pipelines

Nader Mohamed, Imad Jawhar, Jameela Al-Jaroodi, Liren Zhang
2011 Sensors  
This paper develops and compares different sensor network architecture designs that can be used for monitoring underwater pipeline infrastructures. These architectures are underwater wired sensor networks, underwater acoustic wireless sensor networks, RF (Radio Frequency) wireless sensor networks, integrated wired/acoustic wireless sensor networks, and integrated wired/RF wireless sensor networks. The paper also discusses the reliability challenges and enhancement approaches for these network
more » ... chitectures. The reliability evaluation, characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages among these architectures are discussed and compared. Three reliability factors are used for the discussion and comparison: the network connectivity, the continuity of power supply for the network, and the physical network security. In addition, the paper also develops and evaluates a hierarchical sensor network framework for underwater pipeline monitoring.
doi:10.3390/s111110738 pmid:22346669 pmcid:PMC3274311 fatcat:jac6swu2knfj5kr3p3uhjamr3q