Approximability of 3- and 4-Hop Bounded Disjoint Paths Problems [chapter]

Andreas Bley, Jose Neto
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
A path is said to be -bounded if it contains at most edges. We consider two types of -bounded disjoint paths problems. In the maximum edge-or node-disjoint path problems MEDP( ) and MNDP( ), the task is to find the maximum number of edge-or node-disjoint -bounded (s, t)-paths in a given graph G with source s and sink t, respectively. In the weighted edge-or node-disjoint path problems WEDP( ) and WNDP( ), we are also given an integer k ∈ N and non-negative edge weights ce ∈ N, e ∈ E, and seek
more » ... r a minimum weight subgraph of G that contains k edge-or node-disjoint -bounded (s, t)-paths. Both problems are of great practical relevance in the planning of fault-tolerant communication networks, for example. Even though length-bounded cut and flow problems have been studied intensively in the last decades, the N Phardness of some 3and 4-bounded disjoint paths problems was still open. In this paper, we settle the complexity status of all open cases showing that WNDP(3) can be solved in polynomial time, that MEDP(4) is APXcomplete and approximable within a factor of 2, and that WNDP(4) and WEDP(4) are APX -hard and N POcomplete, respectively.
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-13036-6_16 fatcat:fdm6obkdxvc4bmdqioaxb7pwxm