Convex Optimized Population Receptive Field (CO-pRF) Mapping [article]

David Slater, Lester Melie-Garcia, Stanislaw Adaszewski, Kendrick Kay, Antoine Lutti, Bogdan Draganski, Ferath Kherif
2017 bioRxiv   pre-print
Population receptive field (pRF) mapping represents an invaluable non-invasive tool for the study of sensory organization and plasticity within the human brain. Despite the very appealing result that fMRI derived pRF measures agree well with measurements made from other fields of neuroscience, current techniques often require very computationally expensive non-linear optimization procedures to fit the models to the data which are also vulnerable to bias due local minima issues. In this work we
more » ... resent a general framework for pRF model estimation termed Convex Optimized Population Receptive Field (CO-pRF) mapping and show how the pRF fitting problem can be linearized in order to be solved by extremely fast and efficient algorithms. The framework is general and can be readily applied to a variety of pRF models and measurement schemes. We provide an example of the CO-pRF methodology as applied to a computational neuroimaging approach used to map sensory processes in human visual cortex - the CSS-pRF model. Via simulation and in-vivo fMRI results we demonstrate that the CO-pRF approach achieves robust model fitting even in the presence of noise or reduced data, providing parameter estimates closer to the global optimum across 93% of in-vivo responses as compared to a typical nonlinear optimization procedure. Furthermore the example CO-pRF application substantially reduced model fitting times by a factor of 50. We hope that the availability of such highly accelerated and reliable pRF estimation algorithms will facilitate the spread of pRF techniques to larger imaging cohorts and the future study of neurological disorders and plasticity within the human brain.
doi:10.1101/172189 fatcat:qslincvxarcfrht4yopxadwbrq