Psychosocial Risk Factors of Sports Injury Occurrence and Severity among Elite Youth Ice Hockey Players
Psychological factors have been shown to play a role in the frequency and severity of injury among athletes. The Behaviour Assessment System for Children, Second Edition (BASC-II) was utilized to measure sixteen psychological factors and determine whether these factors predicted rate and severity of total injury and concussion versus musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries. Participants included male Bantam and Midget level ice hockey players (n=524). Participants completed the BASC-II at baseline and
... I at baseline and post injury. Injury records were completed by team designates during the hockey season during a period of six months. The five main factors included in the regression model were sensation seeking, locus of control, anxiety, depression and attention problems. The result suggested that together the five main factors could explain 10.7% of total injury occurrence and 12.0% of MSK injury occurrence. The five main factors did not significantly predict concussion occurrence or injury severity. Attention problems alone significantly predicted total injury and concussion occurrence and injury severity. Locus of control and depression significantly predicted MSK injuries. Knowledge of these psychological risk factors should guide psychosocial risk assessment and subsequent interventions.