THE ROLE OF TURMERIC POWDER IN LIPID METABOLISM AND ITS EFFECT ON QUALITY OF THE FIRST QUAIL'S EGG

T.R. Saraswati, W. Manalu, D.R. Ekastuti, N. Kusumorini
2013 Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture  
ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peran serbuk kunyit dalam metabolisme lipid dan pengaruhnya pada kualitas telur pertama burung puyuh. Eksperimen dirancang dengan menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan 4 perlakuan kadar serbuk kunyit (0; 13,5; 27; dan 54 mg/ekor/hari) selama 60 hari. Masing-masing perlakuan menggunakan 3 ekor puyuh dan dilakukan pengulangan sebanyak 5 kali. Analisis proksimat dan kualitas telur dilakukan pada telur yang pertama kali dikeluarkan. Analisis
more » ... arkan. Analisis kolesterol, trigliserida darah, bobot lemak abdominal dan pektoral, serta konsumsi pakan dilakukan pada akhir percobaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa serbuk kunyit mengandung kurkumin sebesar 7,97%. Pemberian serbuk kunyit menurunkan kadar kolesterol serum, trigliserida serum, lemak telur, dan meningkatkan protein telur, haugh unit, dan indeks kuning telur, tetapi tidak mempengaruhi konsumsi pakan, bobot lemak abdominal dan pektoral, bobot telur, bobot kerabang telur, tebal kerabang telur, dan indeks kerabang telur. Terjadi variasi penundaan waktu awal bertelur selama kurang lebih 2-16 hari pada puyuh yang diberi suplemen serbuk kunyit. Rata-rata hirarki folikel terbanyak ditemukanpada puyuh yang diberi serbuk kunyit kadar 54 mg/ekor/hari. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa suplementasi serbuk kunyit dengan kadar 54 mg/ekor/hari merupakan kadar optimal dalam memperbaiki metabolisme lipid dan pendistribusiannya ke berbagai organ. Serbuk kunyit juga berperan dalam meningkatkan metabolisme protein dan kalsium pada burung puyuh sehingga dapat memperbaiki performans dan kualitas telur burung puyuh. Kata kunci: Kurkumin, burung puyuh, metabolism lipid, kualitas telur ABSTRACT This experiment was conducted to determine the role of turmeric powder in lipid metabolism and its influence on the quality of the first quail's egg. Sixty female quails were assigned into a completely randomized design with four treatments (levels of turmeric powder i.e., 0; 13.5; 27; and 54 mg/quail/day) and each treatment used 15 quails. The treatment was conducted for 60 days. Parameters measured were proximate analysis and the quality of the first layed eggs. At the end of the experiment, serum cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations, abdominal and pectoral fat weights, and feed consumption were measured. Chemical analysis showed that turmeric powder contained 7.97% curcumin. Supplementation of turmeric powder lowered serum cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations, egg fat and protein contents, haugh unit and yolk index, but did not affect feed intake, abdominal and pectoral fat weights, egg weight, eggshell weight, eggshell thickness, and egg shell index. However, quails supplemented with turmeric powder showed a variation in egg laying delay ranging from 1 to 16 days. Quails supplemented with 54 mg/d turmeric powder had the highest follicles hierarchy. It was concluded that supplementation of turmeric powder with the level of 54 mg/quail/day decreased lipid content of the egg and improved the other egg quality parameters.
doi:10.14710/jitaa.38.2.123-130 fatcat:snihgyxjxne3xajw57uqhwsfia