The Benefits of Cloud Computing for Children with Special Educational Needs in Education or Using Cloud Computing as Assistive Technology
Journal of Education & Social Policy
The paper reveals the benefits of cloud-based education technologies and the possibility of using them in inclusive education for equal access to it. Basic concepts related to cloud technologies are discussed. Some strategies for the use of cloud technologies in children and pupils with special educational needs as assistive technologies are mentioned. (Print) 2375-0790 (Online) © Center for Promoting Ideas, USA www.jespnet.com 149 Assistive technologies have great applicability not only for
... ldren with SEN but for all children and students. They can, for example, to help children with prominent talents to develop their skills in different areas. The purpose of this paper is to reveal the benefits of cloud technologies for education and the possibility to use them as assistive technologies for equal access to education. Cloud and Cloud Computing Cloud is a term that refers to the Internet or a computer network (as shown in the chart of computer networks to present the complex infrastructure it presents) (Mell, 2011) . In other words, we can say that the cloud is something that is in a remote place. The cloud can provide services over a network. Software application such as e-mail, web conferencing, all are running in a cloud. Cloud computing is a term in the field of information technology that has recently gained popularity and will become even more popular in the field of education. Cloud computing is an Internet based calculation. The idea of a cloud computing is not recent. Cloud computing is believed to have been invented by Joseph Licklider in the 1960s with his work on ARPANET to connect people and data from anywhere at any time 1 . There are many different definitions for cloud computing and new ones are constantly appearing. The US National Institute for Standards and Technology gives the following definition of cloud computing: a model for enabling ubiquitous and convenient on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provided and releasedwith minimal managementefforts or service provider interaction. This cloud model is composed of five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models (Mell, 2011). Cloud services include: data storage, cloud office applications (documents, presentations, spreadsheets, forms, etc.) and infrastructure (Cloud Computing tutorial, 2019). Cloud computing is a new service-based approach. In other words, the concept refers to both software applications provided in the form of web services and the access to the hardware and system resources of the data center that offers these services. Cloud provides services, not a product. Cloud computing is a model for using shared resources stored on a remote server instead of a local disk space. Users have permanent access to cloud services from anywhere, anytime, and any device that has Internet access. Cloudy technologies provide a flexible learning environment abundant in opportunities, resources and tools. Cloudy technologies in education have economic benefits. They help to reduce the cost of hardware, software and IT professionals. Cloud technology may not require the purchase of hardware or software to use it. Cloud technologies offer free services, but some services are paid. Virtualization and other capability of cloud computing systems facilitate service delivery at a lower cost than traditional infrastructures. Cloud computing allows schools to increase efficiency and achieve greater economies of scale. Organizations can reduce or eliminate IT capital expenditures and decrease ongoing operating expenses by paying only for the services they use and potentially by reducing or redeploying IT staff (Bouyer, 2014) .There is no need to pay IT specialists to support software and hardware (Jordanova, 2016). Another important benefit for education (Bouyer, 2014) are: Delivery of various services is quickly. Cloud computing enables lecturers/teachers to quickly arrange educational services that enhance learning and enable teachers to individualize learning based on performance data and each student"s unique learning style. Cloud-based administrative applications can standardize processes, provide access to centralized information stores, and increase reporting consistency. Reduce risk and enhance security: cloud security helps district IT staff reduce risk, which enables consistent security policies and enforcement, up-to-date threat intelligence, high scalability, and improved performance. For example, Cisco cloud security helps remove barriers to cloud computing so that schools can achieve the educational and business benefits of the cloud-computing platform. Reshape teaching and expand collaboration: cloud-based educational system offers a portfolio of cloud services that can extend a rich interactive learning environment to anyone, anywhere. These cloud services can also simplify administrative processes and cost-effectively train faculty and staff across geographical boundaries. Access to cloud technologies is available from any mobile device or computer without high requirements for device parameters. This way old technology can be utilized and users with older phones and tablets will also be able to use cloud technologies. There are also free cloud services, of course, with a limitation of the cloud space that is being used. But it is almost enough for an ordinary user. In addition, cloud service providers are deploying new IT solutions without the need for users to buy the new version and / or replace hardware to use the new software.