Watershed Soils and land use characteristics affecting the river runoff processes in terms of P and N concentrations
流域特性(黒ボク・非黒ボク・土地利用)が支配するP, Nの河川流出プロセス

Shingo MIURA, Ayato KOHZU, Akio IMAI, Kazuo KOMATSU, Ryuichiro SHINOHARA, Nobuyuki KAWASAKI, Takayuki SATO
2015 Japanese Journal of Limnology (Rikusuigaku Zasshi)  
25 1) (株)武揚堂 〒 152-0003 東京都目黒区碑文谷 1-3-25 Buyodo corporation, 原 著〔Original article〕 流域特性(黒ボク・非黒ボク・土地利用)が支配する P, N の 河川流出プロセス 三浦真吾 1, 2) ・高津文人 2) ・今井章雄 2) ・小松一弘 2) 篠原隆一郎 2) ・川崎伸之 3) ・佐藤貴之 2) Abstract Phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) concentrations were measured at 75 points in the upper reaches of rivers draining into the agricultural watersheds south of the Ibaraki prefecture during the summer and winter of year 2009 . A geographic information system (GIS) was used to combine the environmental
more » ... ormation regarding the watersheds such as land use, topography, and soil with water quality data for a statistical analysis. As andosols have a stronger tendency to adsorb P than other soil types, watersheds were classified into areas with andosol and non-andosol soils. No correlation was observed between land use or topography and the P levels in the rivers for andosol areas, whereas a positive correlation was observed between the proportion of the built areas or paddy fields in the watersheds and the P levels in the rivers for non-andosol soil areas. These results indicate that a difference in the adsorption property among soils is an extremely important environmental factor affecting the P discharge process. Although the differences related to the soil type were not observed for N, there was an extremely strong positive correlation between the N levels in the rivers and the proportion of fields in the watersheds: summer N concentration declined greatly for watersheds with a high proportion of dry fields. These results clarified that dry fields are the major sources of N, but they could also act as N sink during summer. In watersheds with soils other than andosols, the effects of land use and seasonal changes on the load sources were relatively large in terms of the P and N discharge processes. It was difficult to discern the effects of topography, and a correlation between the nutrient concentrations and TWI (Topographic Wetness Index) was observed only for a few cases.
doi:10.3739/rikusui.77.25 fatcat:d4ne5ccozffnbn6gagqcrd5p3u