Open-world Machine Learning: Applications, Challenges, and Opportunities [article]

Jitendra Parmar, Satyendra Singh Chouhan, Vaskar Raychoudhury, Santosh Singh Rathore
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Traditional machine learning mainly supervised learning, follows the assumptions of closed-world learning, i.e., for each testing class, a training class is available. However, such machine learning models fail to identify the classes which were not available during training time. These classes can be referred to as unseen classes. Whereas open-world machine learning (OWML) deals with unseen classes. In this paper, first, we present an overview of OWML with importance to the real-world context.
more » ... Next, different dimensions of open-world machine learning are explored and discussed. The area of OWML gained the attention of the research community in the last decade only. We have searched through different online digital libraries and scrutinized the work done in the last decade. This paper presents a systematic review of various techniques for OWML. It also presents the research gaps, challenges, and future directions in open-world machine learning. This paper will help researchers understand the comprehensive developments of OWML and the likelihood of extending the research in suitable areas. It will also help to select applicable methodologies and datasets to explore this further.
arXiv:2105.13448v2 fatcat:rv6f42sdvvajnhub4uguuhb2cy