Socio-demographic and Occupational Characteristics of Auto Rickshaw Drivers with Low Back Pain
Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences
Original Research Article Introduction: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders, especially low back pain, cause substantial economic losses to individuals as well as to the community. Aim and objective: To determine socio-demographic characteristic of the proportion of auto rickshaw drivers having low back pain. Material & Methods: This study was a descriptive type of cross-sectional study. Study was done in four C.N.G stand (Mirpur-11 stand, Banani-11 stand, Tongi station road, Mirpur-10
... ad, Mirpur-10 stand) and two garages (Ibrahimpur garage and Khilgaon garage) in Dhaka city. The study period extends from January 1st to December 31st of 2014. C.N.G based Auto rickshaw drivers not less than 25 years of age were selected as a study population of this study. Sampling was done purposively. Purposively 220 Auto rickshaw drivers from four C.N.G stands and two garages were included in the study with fulfilling the above-mentioned enrollment criteria were included in the study. The data entry was started immediately after completion of data collection. Data processing and analyses were done using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 19. Data were analyzed according to the objectives of the study. Results: This study was carried out to find out low back pain and disability among the auto rickshaw drivers in Dhaka city. Two hundred and twenty populations were selected for the study. The age of the respondents ranged between 25 and 60 years with a mean of 34.95 ± 7.732 years and std. Dev. =7.732. Major proportion of respondents was in age group of 31 to 40 (45.5%) years and below 30 years (35.0%) years whereas around 19.5% respondents was in above 40 years' age group. Most of the respondents were can sign only (42.3%) and primary passed (20.9%) whereas some respondents (8.2%) crossed the secondary level. Most of the respondent's income were below 10000 and 10001 to 15000 taka (48.2%) and (47.7%) respectively while only 4.1% respondents earn above 15000 takas only. Majority of the respondents were married (92.3%) and Muslim (98.2%) Occupational characteristics of the respondents shown in Table III reflects that, majority of the respondent's seat were comfortable (80.5%) and similar proportion of the respondents were satisfied with their job. Among the respondents who were not satisfied (19.5%) with their job about one third (30.2%) told due to risky job while some told due to low income (14.0%) and more than one reason (16.3%) and 34.9% was in others. Conclusion: Low back pain is a common and major problem in all over the world. Low back pain related disability cause substantial economic losses to individual as well as to the community.