Ein "Stadtorden" auf dem Land. Der Augustiner-Eremiten-Konvent Seemannshausen im späten Mittelalter und in der frühen Neuzeit

Martin Weindl
2007
The thesis refers to the results of the latest research on mendicant orders. These no longer see the mendicants only as a phenomenon of medieval urbanity, but are anxious to seize also on their influence on the village world and to determine the degree of their integration into rural structures more exactly. This extended perspective is most obvious with the convent of Austin Friars in Seemannshausen in Lower Bavaria. It originated from a donation of Heinrich Seemann, dean of the Regensburg
more » ... the Regensburg cathedral, who founded in 1255 a monastery of the rather agrarian oriented order of Williamites, which therefore from the beginning was obliged to find an adequate place in the rural society of the Late Middle Ages. The first economical basis of the convent consisted in the original endowment by the founder family and contributions of the counts von Leonsberg. On this basis the convent could develop a net of various contacts to the regional nobility, which helped to consolidate its existence. A significant role in early convent history was played by the integration of the Seemannshausen Williamite monastery into the new mendicant order of the Austin Friars, since this could only be carried out in the face of open resistance by the brethren. In 1263 it required the intervention of the Regensburg bishop to accomplish this change in the order, which was affirmed by the first province chapter of the German Austin Friars in Seemannshausen in 1264. The pastoral importance of the convent for the region was sufficiently enhanced by the granting of indulgences by the bishops of Regensburg and the neighbouring dioceses and by awarding the right to preach and to hear confession. The consolidation phase of the convent came to a certain conclusion in the middle of the 14th Century, when Seemannshausen could obtain lower jurisdiction (�Hofmark�) and was granted an economically valuable salt privilege. The most extensive chapter of the thesis is dedicated to the personnel of the convent, whereby the focus is on the priors, while on other bre [...]
doi:10.5283/epub.10591 fatcat:zgbkiivilrfo5o3nhd4zvjpcve