Quantum-beat imaging of the nuclear dynamics inD2+: Dependence of bond softening and bond hardening on laser intensity, wavelength, and pulse duration

Maia Magrakvelidze, Feng He, Thomas Niederhausen, Igor V. Litvinyuk, Uwe Thumm
2009 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
Based on a quantum-mechanical model, we calculate the time evolution of an initial nuclear vibrational wave packet in D 2 + generated by the rapid ionization of D 2 in an ultrashort pump-laser pulse. By Fourier transformation of the nuclear probability density with respect to the time delay between the pump pulse and the instant destructive Coulomb-explosion imaging of the wave packet at the high-intensity spike of an intense probe-laser pulse, we provide two-dimensional
more » ... pendent power spectra that serve as a tool for visualizing and analyzing the nuclear dynamics in D 2 + in an intermittent external laser field. The external field models the pedestal to the central ultrashort spike of a realistic probe pulse. Variation in the intensity, wavelength, and duration of this probe-pulse pedestal ͑i͒ allows us to identify the optimal laser parameters for the observation of field-induced bond softening and bond hardening in D 2 + and ͑ii͒ suggests a scheme for quantitatively testing the validity of the "Floquet picture" that is commonly used for the interpretation of short-pulse laser-molecule interactions, despite its implicit "continuum wave" ͑infinite pulse length͒ assumption.
doi:10.1103/physreva.79.033410 fatcat:hwgxbwyocvcobfdtkepkb7ld3u