LRX Proteins play a crucial role in pollen grain and pollen tube cell wall development [article]

Tohnyui Ndinyanka Fabrice, Hannes Vogler, Christian Draeger, Gautam Munglani, Shibu Gupta, Aline Galatea Herger, Paul Knox, Ueli Grossniklaus, Christoph Ringli
2017 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
Leucine-rich repeat extensins (LRXs) are chimeric proteins containing an N-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR) and a C-terminal extensin domain. LRXs are involved in cell wall formation in vegetative tissues and required for plant growth. However, the nature of their role in these cellular processes remains to be elucidated. Here, we used a combination of molecular techniques, light microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy to characterize mutants of pollen-expressed LRXs in Arabidopsis
more » ... Xs in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mutations in multiple pollen-expressed lrx genes causes severe defects in pollen germination and pollen tube (PT) growth, resulting in a reduced seed set. Physiological experiments demonstrate that manipulating Ca2+ availability partially suppresses the PT growth defects, suggesting that LRX proteins influence Ca2+-related processes. Furthermore, we show that LRX protein localizes to the cell wall, and its LRR-domain (which likely mediates protein-protein interactions) is associated with the plasma membrane. Mechanical analyses by cellular force microscopy and finite element method-based modelling revealed significant changes in the material properties of the cell wall and the fine-tuning of cellular biophysical parameters in the mutants compared to the wild type. The results indicate that LRX proteins might play a role in cell wall-plasma membrane communication, influencing cell wall formation and cellular mechanics.
doi:10.1101/223008 fatcat:r27paaxv2bfvbiawyvmrjgfjom