A Wireless Fingerprint Positioning Method Based on Wavelet Transform and Deep Learning
ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
As the demand for location services increases, research on location technology has aroused great interest. In particular, signal-based fingerprint location positioning technology has become a research hotspot owing to its high positioning performance. In general, the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) will be used as a location feature to build a fingerprint database. However, at different locations, this feature distinction may not be obvious, resulting in low positioning accuracy.
... dering the wavelet transform can get valuable features from the signals, the long-term evolution (LTE) signals were converted into wavelet feature images to construct the fingerprint database. To fully extract the signal features, a two-level hierarchical structure positioning system is proposed to achieve satisfactory positioning accuracy. A deep residual network (ResNet) rough locator is used to learn useful features from the wavelet feature fingerprint image database. Then, inspired by the transfer learning idea, a fine locator based on multilayer perceptron (MLP) is leveraged to further learn the features of the wavelet fingerprint image to obtain better localization performance. Additionally, multiple data enhancement techniques were adopted to increase the richness of the fingerprint dataset, thereby enhancing the robustness of the positioning system. Experimental results indicate that the proposed system leads to improved positioning performance in outdoor environments.