Determinants of the 3' splice site for self-splicing of the Tetrahymena pre-rRNA

J V Price, T R Cech
1988 Genes & Development  
References http://genesdev.cshlp.org/content/2/11/1439#related-urls Article cited in: http://genesdev.cshlp.org/content/2/11/1439.refs.html Tetrahymena preribosomal RNA undergoes self-splicing in vitro. The structural components involved in recognition of the 5' splice site have been identified, but the mechanism by which the 3' splice site is recognized is not established. To identify some components of 3' splice site recognition, we have generated mutations near the 3' splice site and
more » ... ce site and determined their effects on self-splicing. Alteration of the 3'-terminal guanosine of the intervening sequence (IVS), a conserved nucleotide in group I IVSs, almost eliminated 3' splice site activity; the IVS-3' exon splicing intermediate accumulated, and exon ligation was extremely slow. These mutations do not result in recruitment of cryptic 3' splice sites, in contrast to mutations that affect the 5' splice site. Alteration of the cytidine preceding the 3'-terminal guanosine or of the first two nucleotides of the 3' exon had similar but less severe effects on exon ligation. Most of the mutants showed some reduction (less than threefold) in GTP addition at the 5' splice site. A mutation that placed a new guanosine residue just upstream from the 3'-terminal guanosine misspliced to produce ligated exons with one extra nucleotide between the 5' and 3' exons. We conclude that multiple nucleotides, located both at the 3' end of the IVS and in the 3' exon, are required for 3' splice site recognition. [
doi:10.1101/gad.2.11.1439 pmid:3209068 fatcat:bzejr6qvg5crtpybv3mi4hjslq