The History of ASTIN. Invited Lecture at the 50 Years Anniversary of ASTIN

Hans Bühlmann
2007 ASTIN Bulletin: The Journal of the International Actuarial Association  
"War is the father of all things". This sentence of Heraklit (between 540 and 535 BC) has a lot of truth in general. I am quoting it in connection with World War II (1939-1945) and inventions originating in this period.The best known examples of inventions (or first practical use of such invention) are• Nuclear Fission leading to the construction of the atomic bomb and nuclear reactors,• The Programmable Electronic Computer. Best known is the machine of John von Neumann as Los Alamos:
more » ... s Alamos: Mathematical Analyser Numerical Integrator and Computer (MANIAC),• Radar to guide the airplanes particularly at night and in bad weather conditions,• Penicillin to fight bacteriological diseases.Some of these inventions relied on original discoveries already made before the war, but during the war they were for the first time used on a large scale.
doi:10.1017/s0515036100014835 fatcat:k6ieyry4jbgzzlmvwlfq5yf44y