Cyclin Dependent Kinase Inhibitors and Dominant Negative Cyclin Dependent Kinase 4 and 6 Promote Survival of NGF-Deprived Sympathetic Neurons

David S. Park, Beth Levine, Giovanna Ferrari, Lloyd A. Greene
1997 Journal of Neuroscience  
Neuronal apoptosis plays a critical role in both normal development and disease. However, the precise molecular events controlling neuronal apoptosis are not well understood. Previously, we hypothesized that cell cycle regulatory molecules function in controlling the apoptotic pathways of trophic factordeprived neurons. To test this hypothesis, we used the RNA alphavirus Sindbis to express three known cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs), p16 ink4 , p21 waf/cip , and p27 kip1 , and
more » ... negative mutant forms of four known G 1 cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs), Cdk2, Cdk3, Cdk4, and Cdk6, in primary cultured rat superior cervical ganglion sympathetic neurons. We demonstrate that expression of each of the CKIs protects the postmitotic cultured neurons from apoptotic death evoked by withdrawal of NGF. In addition, we show that expression of dominant negative forms of Cdk4 or Cdk6, but not Cdk2 or Cdk3, protects NGF-deprived sympathetic neurons from death. Such findings suggest the participation of several CDKs and their cognate cyclins in a neuronal apoptotic pathway.
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.17-23-08975.1997 pmid:9364045 fatcat:w3yjiow6wfenvdu7lo6r3s2mom