No effect of a glyphosate-based herbicide on larval dragonflies (Aeshna cyanea) and adult newts (Lissotriton vulgaris) in a laboratory-based experiment
Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Pesticides can exert negative effects on aquatic organisms at very low concentrations. While several prey taxa are frequently used as models in ecotoxicology studies, there is little information about the pesticide-sensitivity of predators. We examined the effects of a frequently applied glyphosate-based herbicide on two common aquatic predators: larval Aeshna cyanea dragonflies and adult male Lissotriton vulgaris newts, which are top predators in ephemeral water bodies lacking fishes. We
... d predators to the herbicide for 18 days under laboratory conditions and measured potential effects on survival, activity, body mass and predatory activity. To maximize detectability of effects, we applied the herbicide at a concentration of 6.5 mg a. e. glyphosate/L, corresponding to the highest concentration expected in nature. Our results showed that the tested herbicide formulation did not have severe effects on any of the measured fitness-related traits. Results of the present study support the hypothesis that the tested species are insensitive to the herbicide and are able to fulfil their important ecological role of top-down regulation even in highly contaminated habitats. However, potential long-term or indirect effects of the herbicide on the fitness of aquatic predators remain unknown.